What Estate Planning Entails
Estate planning is the process of planning for your death. While it includes burial planning, a good estate plan involves far more than that. What does estate planning entail?
In most cases, estate planning includes:
- Arranging appropriate insurance coverage
- Creating legal documents so that your wishes are carried out upon your death
- Arranging for the care of dependents
- Making sure property flows as seamlessly as possible to your heirs
Insurance coverage is often part of someone’s estate plan, because the life insurance is necessary to pay a number of bills after your death. You should have enough life insurance to pay off all of your debts, pay for your burial, and cover survivors’ financial needs through the grieving process. A better option is having life insurance payouts large enough to be invested and replace your income and pay any applicable estate taxes.
Estate planning starts with a will, though that’s only a starting point in most cases. It would be wise to create a medical power of attorney and financial power of attorney, so that there is no fighting over who makes decisions when you’re incapacitated. You may need to set up a trust to manage assets for dependent children, if it won’t all be going to your spouse. A special needs trust must be set up correctly so that assets are held in it for the benefit of a disabled spouse or child.
Arranging the care of dependents can be difficult. If you have minor children, you should name several potential guardians. Note that they don’t have to be given authority to manage the assets you leave to provide for the children. If you have a disabled family member you’re providing for, you can draft documents to name alternate guardians or conservators.
An estate in a community property state like Arizona generally passes to the spouse. However, there’s always room for dispute. A good estate plan will minimize the potential conflict. It may include putting property in a trust so that it is passed to those you want and managed by a competent trusted adult in the interim. It may include updating beneficiary information on insurance policies, bank accounts and retirement plans. It can aid in the managing of your estate, too. For example, making an account payable on death to your executor / next of kin allows them to pay the bills while everything else is in probate.
A proper estate plan must include an Arizona-specific will using modern verbiage. If you have property in other states, consult with an attorney who can title property or create secondary wills to simplify settlement of your estate when you die.
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Why Is There So Much Fear of Going Through Probate?
The classic funeral scene in soap operas perpetuates a number of myths about probate. No, your family won’t be asked to hear a reading of the will right after your funeral. No, your heirs don’t all have to be present for the will to be filed or executed. Your will could mandate that all of your property be liquidated to charity, and a well-written will or trust prevents them from fighting it. No, you shouldn’t disclose secrets you want to share as part of your will. (You can do that with letters given to your family upon your death, but you can tell them whenever you want, too.)
We’ve already addressed the major flaws in the popular perception of probate. However, there are legitimate reasons why people often fear probate. There are jokes that the only things that are inevitable are death and taxes. Your estate may be subject to an estate tax. You need good estate planning to be able to keep a family business running or keep a family farm in the family without forcing them to mortgage it to the hilt. You need good estate planning to prevent heirs from fighting with each other or draining the estate seeking more. Work with a good estate attorney so that your estate is properly divided among spouses, children, and exes while planning for paying your creditors.
Fighting over the assets both in and out of court can be minimized by a few strategic decisions made while you’re alive. One is reviewing the disposition of all of your assets, so that you don’t end up giving 80 percent to one family member because they’re a beneficiary on your accounts and get half of what is left. Update your will after you divorce or remarry, because you will create problems if your old estate plan conflicts with Arizona’s community property laws. Revise your will and trust to take the disability of your spouse, children or heirs into account. If someone isn’t currently mature or competent enough to handle things, set up a trust so that a young adult must demonstrate stability before they inherit assets. Then you won’t have adult children fighting over assets because one blew their inheritance.
Don’t try to evade probate by just signing a quit claim deed; this could trigger Medicaid claw back provisions or leave your heir with a hefty tax bill. Or you may simply end up with heirs struggling to pay the mortgage and your medical bills until probate is resolved, because you didn’t have a basic trust in place. Spare your family this unnecessary grief and work with a good Arizona estate planning attorney.
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What Can and Cannot Be Done Via Wills
Wills are the foundational document for an estate plan. However, there are many myths and misconceptions over what can be done via a will.
What Can You Do Via a Will?
Wills are a tool for naming an executor. That person gains the authority to take over your bank accounts and pay off your debts. If there are assets left, they are supposed to distribute assets based on what is spelled out in the will.
Wills spell out how you want your property distributed without the matter having to be decided by a probate judge in most cases. A good will divides property based on your wishes while clearly excluding heirs you don’t want to inherit. You don’t have to give an emotional diatribe. Instead, simply say in legal verbiage that X gets nothing or that the financial gifts given during your life are their inheritance.
Wills can be used to name preferred guardians for your children. If you’re in declining health, you can even sign a guardianship agreement that gives someone legal custody (temporarily or permanently). Any named guardian will have priority when it comes to custody upon your death, unless there is a next of kin who would come first.
A will can be used to fund a trust, if things are set up property. You can also create a trust while you’re alive, though the will puts additional assets in it upon your death.
What Can’t Be Done Via Wills?
A will cannot override beneficiaries named in a 401K or insurance policy. This is why you should create a list of assets and their values as part of your estate plan. Determine who gets what. In practice, this may be done by naming them as the inheritor of the asset in your will or naming them as a beneficiary on the policy or account. Break down the total values, and ensure that the person named on your accounts doesn’t end up with the lion’s share unless that is your intent.
Wills won’t determine who makes decisions for you when you’re incapacitated. That is handled by living wills and power of attorney documents. These documents terminate upon your death. Then your will goes into effect.
Wills are not last confessions, though that term is sometimes used along with “last will and testament”. You can include handwritten or typed letters to be given to your family to express how you feel about them or want to tell them after you’ve passed. The will can say who should get these letters, if you write them. But the will doesn’t exist to be a love letter or final condemnation of someone.
Wills cannot be used to name someone to run your business during probate. That is only possible when there is a trustee of a trust that includes your business, including rental real estate.
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Some of the Most Common Myths about Trusts
There are many myths about wills and trusts. Here are some of the most common as well as the truth about these estate planning tools.
A Will Creates a Trust
A will may result in a trust created on behalf of your minor heirs. A will does not create a trust while you’re alive, especially if you want to use it to bypass probate. On the other hand, simply creating a trust without funding it results in an empty and thus useless trust. Even a will that pours your assets into a trust must be written to reflect this, so that assets are put in the trust on behalf of minor heirs or special needs relatives instead of divided up among the living.
Trusts Let You Evade Taxes
Trusts can sometimes be used to reduce death taxes, such as when you put assets in a charitable trust that will pass to a charity upon your death. You could get a tax write-off the year you put those assets in the charitable trust. The law treats it like a massive charitable donation, though you may get income from the trust for the rest of your life.
As long as the trust is irrevocable, the assets are no longer yours. The assets will then pass on to your heirs outside of probate. In these cases, your estate isn’t hit with estate taxes, but your heirs may have to pay inheritance taxes. Any assets in the trust may be taxed, as well. For example, you still have to pay the property tax bill on a house inside of a trust, whether it is a living revocable trust or an irrevocable trust. In many cases, the trustee will file a tax return every year. If a business is held in a trust so it can continue to generate income during probate, the trustee may pay the necessary taxes.
Trusts Are Only Used to Evade Taxes
We’ve already mentioned how trusts may reduce estate taxes or tax liability. However, that’s not the primary reason people use them. They’re primarily used to avoid probate. This can help protect your family’s privacy, since anything argued in probate court becomes public record. It can minimize the potential conflict over the disposition of assets. It can ensure that assets are managed on behalf of disabled heirs, whether it is a special needs adult or minor children.
You Have to Be Rich to Need a Trust
Arizona allows for assets to be put in a trust for the sake of someone who is on Medicaid. There are trusts that can reduce your reported income to the point where you qualify for Medicaid-paid nursing home care. A Medicaid asset protection trust could also ensure that the surviving spouse isn’t thrown into poverty by the medical bills generated by a disabled spouse in a nursing home. This population is only one step above the poverty line. Those reliant on special needs trusts are often living off of Social Security Disability Income.
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An Introduction to Legal Guardianship
The term guardianship can be used interchangeably with conservatorship. Regardless of the term used, guardianship means you’re taking responsibility for and care of someone. But who needs a guardian, and how is guardianship determined?
Who Requires a Guardian?
The classic guardianship case is when a minor child is in need of a guardian. Traditionally, this was an orphan. In modern times, it is more likely to be because parents are in prison, disabled or otherwise incapable of providing care. Parents can even name someone the guardian of their child for the sake of convenience or providing legal protection for the person watching their child. For example, you might name the grandparents guardians so that there are no legal problems when they take the child on an international trip. Or you could name the friend watching your children while you travel out of state for work, so that they have the legal authority to talk to the school or take your child to the doctor. The state makes foster parents the legal guardians of the children in their care.
Guardians can also be named for adults deemed not capable of taking care of themselves. This could be a special needs adult who has always been special needs. Or it may be someone left disabled by an injury or an illness. Traumatic brain injuries, mental illness and dementia may also result in someone who used to be competent requiring a guardian.
How Is Guardianship Determined?
We’ve already mentioned that parents or other legal guardians can name someone else as a temporary guardian. You can name potential guardians for your children in your will; they would take over care of your children upon your death if they are willing and able. You can name first, second and third choice guardians. Then, if they pre-decease you or are unwilling to take the children in, there are alternates already named.
Guardianship for special needs adults can be a complex issue. Parents or legal guardians of special needs children typically continue that status until they’re no longer around. You can name a guardian for such a dependent, especially if your health is declining. This could be a family member, a friend, or even a non-profit organization that takes care of them. If someone becomes disabled and incompetent to manage their affairs, you can go to court to prove this and then get named their guardian.
Guardianship may be determined by the courts. For example, the state may take children from the parents and put them with kin or in the foster care system. In these situations, guardianship is determined by a judge. If there isn’t a natural choice such as a biological estranged father getting the child when the mother dies, then the children’s guardian may be named by the court.
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What Is Involved in Long-Term Care Planning?
Estate planning has been around for years. It can involve anything from a will to multiple trusts. However, estate planning is intended to ensure your wishes are carried out upon your death. It has no bearing on your fate if you are left alive but disabled by a stroke or serious accident. And life insurance is of little help when you need to pay nursing home bills in the last year or two of life. This is what long-term care planning is for.
What is long term care planning? It involves planning for the likelihood that you will spend at least some time in a nursing home. The average stay in a nursing home is two years, though that number is skewed upward by the fifth or so of residents who live there for years. For example, a healthy 62-year-old that develops dementia may be in a care facility for ten years. So might a young adult leave a quadriplegic after being shot in the back. On the flip side, you can end up in long-term care even though you have good long-term prospects. For example, many people spend several months in rehab after a car crash or stroke. In these cases, they may return to a normal life and live many more years.
Proper long-term care planning has two components, financial planning and legal preparations. Financial planning involves planning for how you’ll pay for long-term care. You might be self-insured, if you have enough liquid or convertible assets to pay for long-term care. Most of us need long-term care insurance. This policy must be in effect well before you need long term care.
The legal side of long-term care generally involves creating the appropriate power of attorney documents. These documents will give your designated agents the authority to make medical decisions on your behalf, though that may be complemented by a living will outlining what you consider acceptable. It should include a financial power of attorney document. That allows them to manage your assets, pay your bills and handle other issues that may arise. Note that you don’t have to give all of this power to one person. You could name one person to manage your medical care or day-to-day care while someone else has the authority to manage your finances. And you could have a limited power of attorney, such as letting one person sell your home in your absence while someone else pays the nursing home bill and files your taxes.
A power of attorney document only goes into effect when you are disabled and incapacitated, unless it is a limited POA that is only in effect for a set time. For example, you can name someone as an agent to manage your financial matters while you’re overseas. That document will expire or can be revoked, assuming you’re legally competent. However, you cannot name someone as your agent and give them authority to manage your affairs once you’re declared incompetent. This is why the power of attorney needs to be drafted and on file with an attorney before you’re diagnosed with dementia or suffer a stroke.
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What Is Conservatorship?
Conservatorship or legal guardianship means one person is made legally responsible for another. Parents are the natural, legal guardians of their children. The legal bond is so strong that the state must go to court to sever it entirely, or you must go through a long adoption process to give it up. In these cases, legal guardianship ends when your child is determined to be legally competent. In most cases, that’s when they turn 18. If your child is found to be incompetent, such as when they are severely mentally ill or developmentally delayed, parents can go to court to be named the conservators of an otherwise legal adult.
Conservatorship can be established for once competent adults. For example, when one spouse is left with serious brain damage after a stroke or car crash, the other can generally be named their conservator. Then that person can make financial, medical and other legal decisions on the other person’s behalf. A parent could become the legal guardian of a disabled young adult, if it is due to an accident or illness. And many adult children go to court for conservatorship because their parents have become severely disabled. Note that physical disability does not equal incompetence. Someone could lose their ability to walk, but they may continue to have full use of their mental faculties. It is a gray area, if someone is not able to breathe on their own or has two dozen seizures a day. The family may have to go to court to fight for conservatorship if someone has developed mental illness so severe that they’re having trouble living on their own.
Many of us are aware of the horrors of probate court, where families are fighting over property. Yet these same fights can arise when siblings fight over guardianship of Mom. One may want guardianship because they think they’re a better caregiver, while the other may want the role so that they can live in the family home and have first dibs on the property. You can avoid these problems by drafting a durable financial of attorney document instead. It isn’t uncommon for families to fight over conservatorship so that they can make medical decisions for the loved one, whether the end result is pulling the plug or going all-out. You can prevent this by drafting a living will and power of attorney for healthcare. Then you have clearly expressed your wishes, even if this is “no drastic life-saving measures”. Always have your power of attorney documents drafted in the state where you live to avoid potential problems. For example, retirees moving to Arizona should have a POA drafted by a Chandler attorney.
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The Intersection of Wills, Trusts and Medicaid
Estate planning can involve planning the disposition of your property and your burial after your death. The most minimal estate plan is drafting a will and updating your accounts to reflect your wishes. Long-term care planning is planning for your care any time you end up in long-term care; Medicaid may be part of your long-term care planning, though this may only be possible with the creation of certain types of trusts.
Wills and Medicaid
Your will says who you want to get your house and your fine china. However, the will may be null and void if there is nothing left after your creditors are paid. If you enter a nursing home paid for by Medicaid, the state can often seize your assets to get reimbursed for the cost of providing care. You can avoid this by planning the transfer of assets many years in advance or by creating the right kinds of trusts.
Long-Term Care and Medicaid
Arizona has something called a Miller Trust. The Miller Trust is used to hold assets above the income threshold for qualifying for Medicaid. For example, you can set up the trust so that you keep your pension up to the qualifying limit for Medicaid. The rest of the money goes into a Miller trust. Then you qualify for Medicaid for long-term care. The trust is set up so that the balance is paid to the state of Arizona upon your death. These qualified income trusts or income only trusts allow those who otherwise earn too much to qualify for Medicaid but don’t have enough money to pay for long-term care to have access to nursing homes and home healthcare paid for by the state.
Trusts and Medicaid
We’ve already mentioned Miller Trusts. Another group that often relies on Medicare and may be the recipient of a trust is special needs adults. A special needs trust can be set up for anyone who is not able to manage their own financial matters. The ALTCS special needs trust is set up so that the special needs adult doesn’t lose federal or Arizona state benefits. The trust money can be used to pay for things Medicaid won’t like school tuition, fees for lessons, and orthodontics. Note that these are all additional costs beyond providing essential care; that’s why these trusts are called supplemental needs trusts. This type of trust can be used to receive an insurance settlement or inheritance without them losing the benefits they’re receiving.
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Common Myths about Inheritance
There are a lot of myths about wills and probates, but this is fueled by dramas that want to focus on the emotional drama caused by people fighting over their inheritance. Here are some of the most common myths about inheritance.
Most Millionaires Inherited Their Wealth
Chris Hogan did a massive study of millionaires around 2020. Most people think that millionaires inherited all of their money. In reality, only one in five millionaires inherited anything. Furthermore, only three percent of them inherited enough money to make them a millionaire. More than 80 percent of millionaires are first generation, a rate that’s been stable for roughly a hundred years. That’s why it is dishonest to say all millionaires are trust fund babies.
Most Inheritances Are Huge
Chris Hogan’s study found that 21 percent of millionaires inherited any money, though only 16 percent of them inherited more than 100,000 dollars. Yet that inheritance rate is in line with the general population. That’s because roughly 21 percent of the general population inherits anything from their parents beyond photo albums, memories and maybe a fine china set.
Only the Wealthy Have Trusts
While the wealthy are more likely to have trusts to simplify probate or minimize their personal liability if sued, trusts are not just for the wealth. For example, many Arizona residents use the Miller Trust and income only trusts to qualify for long-term care via Medicaid. The trust is used to hold income and assets above the Medicaid limits. It allows those who earn too much to qualify for Medicaid but can’t afford private care to take advantage of the program.
Another example would be special needs adults. A special needs adult may not have an income, but they may be the recipient of a trust. Special needs trusts are typically supplemental trusts. Medicaid pays for their institutional care, while the supplemental trust pays for things like clothes, toys, dental care and field trips.
The Wealthy Use Trusts to Avoid Taxes
If you have an income, the odds are that you’ll have to file an income tax return. If you own property, you have to pay property taxes. If your assets are held in a trust, the trustee will file a tax return on assets held in the trust. And they may have to pay the property taxes, if the trust holds the family home or rental real estate. In most cases, the trust only simplifies probate and doesn’t prevent a tax bill from coming due.
The only exception to this rule is when trusts are used to pass money to the charity of your choice upon your death. An irrevocable trust may be used to transfer a large sum of money to the charity, though you may be able to enjoy income from the assets during your life. The charitable gift could give you a significant tax write-off in the year the trust is created, and these assets reduce the size of your estate. Whether that’s enough to avoid estate taxes depends on your situation.
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What Is Asset Protection, and What Can You Do to Achieve It?
Asset protection is when you put your assets in a trust or use other legal means to shield them from creditors. You might do this to prevent your assets from being seized if you’re sued or taken by creditors. And there are several ways you can protect your assets this way.
How Can You Protect Your Assets?
Asset protection trusts are specifically used to protect assets from potential seizure. They are often used to hold investment real estate. Then, if someone sues you because their child drowned in the apartment complex pool, your other assets cannot be seized to pay any court-ordered judgement. The asset protection trust can be used to shield assets from creditors, though putting a house in a trust won’t eliminate your obligation to pay the mortgage.
Asset protection trusts can minimize the odds that your estate is held liable for massive medical bills, if the trust was funded far enough in advance. You can also use Medicaid trusts like the Miller Trust to protect assets from creditors while allowing a loved one to qualify for Medicaid. However, Miller trusts must have the ALTCS as the beneficiary, though the trust may allow assets to be used for the benefit of a surviving spouse before it takes final control of the assets. Income only trusts can be used to get one’s official income below the Medicaid threshold, while the extra money is held by the trust. These trusts can often be used to pay for supplemental needs like hearing aids and dental care. Supplemental needs trusts can be used to protect assets intended to take care of someone who isn’t capable of taking care of themselves. In these cases, the assets are protected from that individual and those who might exploit them. For example, if they get into an accident that hurts someone, the trust bank account that pays for clothes, lessons and day trips can’t be seized. If you put money or assets in the trust for the special needs individual, it is no longer yours. And the money in it cannot be taken by those who sue you, either.
Irrevocable trusts protect your assets, because they’re no longer considered yours. The trust is then managed by the trustee on your behalf. You might be allowed to live in the property or benefit from the profit from the assets in the trust. The trust should be managed according to your wishes, whether the assets will pass on to your heirs or a charity upon your death.
The exception to the rule is the revocable trust. If the trust can be revoked or you otherwise have control over it, it is still considered your property. And it can be claimed by creditors.
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Chandler AZ is one of the largest suburbs of Phoenix and a city in its own right. It is home to more than a quarter million people. That’s quite an accomplishment considering it started with as a mere dream in 1900. Doctor Alexander Chandler settled on a ranch in what was then Arizona Territory. He bought eighteen thousand acres of land and officially opened Chandler Ranch in 1912. It soon had a hotel and the first grass golf course in the state of Arizona. In 1914, the community had its first high school. In 1920, the city of Chandler was officially incorporated. Dr. Chandler became the first mayor.
The city was based on agriculture, especially cotton. It also saw numerous side crops like alfalfa and ostriches, the latter explaining why the city has an Ostrich Festival today complete with ostrich races.
The city grew with the founding of Williams Air Force Base, though the population didn’t take off until after air conditioning became commonly available in the 1950s. That is why the city grew from 4,000 people in 1950 to 30,000 in 1980. For the same reason and the abundance of cheap land, manufacturers like Motorola and Intel moved into the area.
Chandler AZ is located in Maricopa County, Arizona. Tempe sits to the north and west. Mesa sits on Chandler’s northern side. Gilbert is located to the east. The Gila River Indian Community prevents Chandler from expanding to the south. Phoenix is west of Chandler. The city can’t expand any further since it is now literally surrounded barring a few unincorporated areas it could annex. Many of those unincorporated areas are on the south side of Chandler, though they’re sometimes completely surrounded by the city. One such example is the sprawling Sun Lakes subdivision. There are several unincorporated areas bordering Tumbleweed Park.
Chandler has its own municipal airport; it sees roughly 200,000 operations a year, making it one of the busiest municipal airports in the country. Chandler Municipal Airport is roughly twenty miles southeast of the Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix. Chandler has an unusually large high-tech sector for a city its size. That is in part because it is home to a large Intel factory. That facility alone employs more than ten thousand people. Infusionsoft, Rogers and Microchip are based out of Chandler. Paypal has a large facility in Chandler. NXP Semiconductors has a plant that employs almost two thousand people.
Bank of American employs more than three thousand residents. New Mexico-based Rinchem has a large facility in West Chandler. The city has a strong retail sector thanks to the Chandler Fashion Center. And like many modern cities, school districts and medical institutions are major employers. The Chandler Unified School District employs around five thousand people. Chandler Regional Medical Center and the associated healthcare network employ around 2500 people. The Basha family started a supermarket chain bearing their name, and it is based out of an unincorporated area outside of Chandler. They’ve also lent their name to Basha High School and the Basha branch of the Chandler Public Library.
While Chandler residents are primarily part of the Chandler Unified School District, neighborhoods west of Loop 101 are part of the Kyrene Elementary School District and Tempe Union High School District. Note that Kyrene isn’t a town but the name given to a unified school district that includes parts of Tempe, Chandler and Phoenix. Students east of Loop 101 are often assigned to Mesa public schools.
Like many other Arizona communities, Chandler AZ has a number of charter schools. BASIS Schools run several charter schools in Chandler. Their headquarters are in Scottsdale. They aim to provide a world-class education with most students taking Advanced Placement courses. The alternative would be the Legacy Traditional School model. Legacy Traditional Schools have several campuses in Chandler. They use a traditional curriculum such as having Saxon Math and Spalding language arts books K-8. Paragon Science Academy is a K-12 STEM focused school. And Chandler has a decent Catholic school system. That includes Saint Mary-Basha Catholic School and Seton Catholic Preparatory. Chandler has a single college, the Pecos Campus of Chandler Gilbert Community College. The Arizona State University Polytechnic Campus is located in neighboring Mesa, Arizona. Mesa has its own community college, too, aptly named Mesa Community College. Arizona State has campuses in downtown Phoenix and Tempe, Arizona.
The Arizona Flight Training Center is located next to Chandler’s airport. The International Baptist College is an independent fundamentalist Baptist seminary, and it is located in Chandler. And while the University of Phoenix is mostly known for its online programs, it has physical campuses in downtown Phoenix and in the West Valley. Note that Chandler is located in the greater Phoenix East Valley. Ottawa University opened a campus in Chandler in 1977. That is a private Baptist University. Their main campus is in Ottawa, Kansas. Their other campuses in Arizona include Surprise, Phoenix and Queen Creek.
Chandler has a vibrant art community. This is because of the award winning Chandler Center of the Arts. The Arizona Railway Museum is located in Tumbleweed Park. There has been a plan to build a Holocaust and Tolerance Museum next to the East Valley Jewish Community Center in Chandler. Chandler is also home to the best playground in the Phoenix area, Playtopia at Tumbleweed Park.
The Gila River reservation south of Chandler is a separate legal entity. However, the Gila River Lone Butte hotel and casino are just south of the Santan Freeway off South Kyrene Road. The community also owns and operates the Wild Horse Pass Motorsports Park and Rawhide Rodeo Arena.
Loop 202, the Santan Freeway, passes through Chandler. Loop 101, also known as Price Freeway, separates west Chandler from the rest of Chandler. Interstate 10 separates Chandler from Ahwatukee, a neighborhood in Phoenix. Highway 87 is a major north-south road that passes through downtown Chandler. Additional major north-south roads include Alma School Road and McQueen Road. South Gilbert Road acts as a boundary between Chandler and Gilbert, except where the southern boundary of Chandler veers east. Major east-west streets include Chandler Boulevard, Pecos Road, Queen Creek Road, and Germann Road.
Well Known Neighborhoods of Chandler:
- Grand Reserve
- Comanche Ranch
- Saguaro Canyon
- Tealstone Ray Ranch II
- The Springs HOA
- Carino States
- Fox Crossing
- San Marcos Country Club
- Ironwood Estates